Canada - Corporation - Corporate Taxes (2023)

Generally, Canadian resident companies are subject to Canadian Corporate Income Tax (CIT) on their worldwide income. Nonresident corporations are subject to corporation tax on income derived from doing business in Canada and on capital gains on disposal of taxable Canadian property (see capital gains onIncome Determinationsection for more information). The buyer of Canadian taxable property is generally required to withhold tax on the amount paid unless the non-resident seller has obtained a permit certificate.

Canadian CIT and WHT may be reduced or eliminated if Canada has an agreement with the non-resident's country of residence.For a list of treaties Canada has negotiated, seewithholding taxessection, along with any applicable WHT fees.

federal taxes

The following tax rates apply for the 12 month fiscal year ended December 31, 2022. For non-resident corporations, the tax rates applicable to business income attributable to a permanent establishment (PE) in Canada. Different rates may apply to non-resident companies in other circumstances. Non-resident companies may also be subject to branch office tax (see thestore prescriptionSection).

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Federal Tax (%)
base fee38,0
Minus: Provincial discouragement (1)(10,0)
federal tax28,0
Less: general fee reduction or manufacturing and processing deduction (2)(13.0)
Net federal tax rate (3, 4)15,0


    1. The federal base tax rate will be reduced by 10% to give provinces and territories room to impose IRCs. A reduction is available with respect to taxable income allocated to Canadian provinces and territories. Taxable income attributable to a foreign jurisdiction is not deductible and is not normally subject to provincial or territorial taxes.
    2. The general fee reduction and manufacturing and processing deduction do not apply to the first $500,000 of active business income generated in Canada by Canadian-controlled private companies (CCPAs), capital gains from CCPCs, and income from other businesses (e.g., mutual funds). mortgage investment trusts and investment trusts) that may benefit from preferential tax treatment.
    3. Provincial or territorial taxes apply in addition to federal taxes. The provincial and territorial tax rates are listed below.
    4. For small CCPCs, the net federal tax rate applies to active business income over CAD$500,000; The 9% federal fee applies to the first $500,000 of active business income. Investment income (excluding most dividends) from CCPCs is subject to a federal tax rate of 28% plus a recoverable federal tax of 10⅔% for a total federal tax rate of 38⅔%. Access to the reduced federal tax rate of 9% on active business income is limited to CCPCs that have generated passive investment income of more than $50,000 in the preceding financial year and are not available for investment income of $150,000.

Manufacturer of Zero Emission Technology

Newly passed legislation will temporarily reduce CIT rates on eligible revenues from zero-emission manufacturing and processing activities by 50% from 2022 to 2028 (reducing the overall rate to 7.5% and the CCPC rate to 4.5%) and then increasing those rates gradually return to the status quo by 2032. To qualify for the lower tax rates, a minimum of 10% of the company's gross income from all active businesses operating in Canada must derive from manufacturing activities and processing of qualifying zero-emission technology.

banks and life insurers

Collection fees from banks and life insurance companies and their affiliated financial institutions:

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  • for fiscal year 2022, a flat tax of 15% based on the corporation's average taxable income for fiscal years ending 2020 and 2021. A $1 billion tax exemption is available to be apportioned among members of the group. The tax liability will be collected in the 2022 tax year but paid in equal amounts over five years (i.e., included on federal tax returns from 2022 through 2026), and the amount payable that year reduces the tax liability. Part VI Responsibility of Financial Institutions for Wealth Tax (see Federal Taxes on Capital belowOther taxesSection) from the same year.
  • for tax years ending after April 7, 2022 (pro rata for a tax year ending on April 7, 2022), an additional income tax of 1.5%. A $100 million exemption from taxable income is available for allocation among group members.

Global minimum tax and the new international tax framework

137 members of the OECD Inclusive Framework (IM), including Canada, agreed on the October 2021 declaration on a two-pillar solution to address the tax challenges arising from the digitization of the economy, which proposes fundamental changes to the tax system. offer new tax laws that:

  • Redistribution of part of the profits of the large multinationals to the countries where the multinationals' customers are located (Pillar 1), and
  • introduce a global minimum effective interest rate of 15% (Pillar 2).

pillar one

The key element of PillarOne is to allocate a formulated share (A-value) of the consolidated profit of certain NMIs to the market areas where sales are made. Pillar One would apply to multinational companies with a global consolidated turnover of over €20 billion (expected to drop to €10 billion after 7 years) and break-even points above 10%; Pillar One includes certain exclusions for regulated financial services and extractive industries. The profit to be allocated to the markets would be 25% of a multinational's pre-tax profit exceeding 10% of revenues.

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pillar two

Under Pillar Two, member states have agreed to introduce a minimum effective tax rate of 15% on profits generated by multinational companies in each jurisdiction. This minimum tax would apply to multinational companies with a worldwide group turnover of more than 750 million euros. These multinational companies must calculate their effective tax rate (ETR) in each country in which they operate. If a given country's ETR is less than 15%, an additional tax will be charged to increase that ETR to 15% (this additional tax may be reduced by a substance-based income exclusion calculated on the basis of the payroll cost of payment and book value of tangible assets located in the jurisdiction). The reload fee is calculated according to two billing rules. The main rule is the Income Inclusion Rule (IIR), which generally requires the ultimate parent company of the MNE to pay the additional tax charged on its foreign subsidiaries (and may apply in other circumstances). The Subtax Benefits Rule (UTPR) is a hedging rule that collects any additional taxes not collected by the IIR. The UTPR distributes this remaining additional tax among all countries in which the MNE operates (and which have adopted the UTPR) based on the employees and property, plant and equipment located in those countries. A country may also choose to introduce a qualifying minimum national surtax based on Pillar 2 rules, but will levy a surcharge on income from companies resident in that country (instead of foreign companies).

entry into force andOthersconsiderations

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The OECD originally expected these changes to come into general effect in 2023, but recently indicated that implementation of Pillar One would likely be delayed until 2024 at the earliest. Pillar one requires member states to develop and sign a multilateral agreement in 2022 and then implement it by each member by 2023. Pillar two will be implemented through the adoption or amendment of national tax regulations by the participating countries with effect until 2023.

  • Confirmed that Canada is currently working with its international partners to develop a multilateral convention to implement the first pillar rules and will introduce implementing legislation once a multilateral agreement is reached,
  • announced that if these rules do not come into effect by January 1, 2024, Canada's proposed Digital Services Tax (DST) will apply with respect to income earned on or after January 1, 2022 (the Budget states that the Government expects and assumes Pillar One rules will be implemented in 2024, so that daylight savings time will not be required) and
  • announced that Canada will introduce the second pillar along with a qualifying minimum national surtax (applicable to members of Canadian multinationals).groups falling within the scope of the second pillar). The draft law to implement the second pillar will be published for consultation in the future. HeIIRand the qualifying national minimum top-up rate would come into effect in 2023, with the effective date to be determined. HeUTPRIt would not come into effect until 2024.

Provincial/Territorial Income Tax

All provinces and territories levy income tax on income attributable to a permanent establishment in the province or territory. Income is generally allocated to a province or territory using a two-factor formula based on gross income and wages and salaries. Provincial and territorial income taxes are not deductible for federal income tax purposes. Prices shown are for a 12-month fiscal year ended December 31, 2022 and do not reflect provincial tax exemptions that reduce or eliminate taxes in limited cases.

province/territoryIncome Tax Rate (%) (1, 2)
British Columbia12,0
New Brunswick14,0
Newfoundland and Labrador15,0
Northwest Territories11.5
Nova Scotia14,0
Ontario (3)11.5 or 10.0
Prince Edward Island16,0
Saskatchewan (4)12.0 or 10.0
Yukon12.0 or 2.5


(Video) How to Prepare Corporation Income Tax Return for Business in Canada

  1. If two rates are listed, the lower rate applies to manufacturing and processing income.
  2. In all provinces and territories, the first $500,000 ($600,000 in Saskatchewan) of active business income from a small CCPC is subject to reduced rates ranging from 0% to 3.2% (4% prior to March 26, 2021), depending on the jurisdiction. . .
  3. Ontario's lower tax rate applies to manufacturing, processing, farming, mining, logging and fishing profits conducted in Canada and attributed to Ontario.

    Corporations subject to Ontario income tax may also be subject to minimum corporate income tax (CMT) based on adjusted accounting income. CMT is payable only to the extent that it exceeds regular Ontario income tax. The CMT rate is 2.7% and applies when total assets are at least $50 million and annual gross income on an associate basis is at least $100 million.

  4. The total manufacturing and processing fee rebate is determined by multiplying the maximum fee rebate (2%) by the Company's revenue allocation to Saskatchewan.


How do you calculate corporate taxes in Canada? ›

The basic rate of Part I tax is 38% of your taxable income, 28% after federal tax abatement. After the general tax reduction, the net tax rate is 15%. For Canadian-controlled private corporations claiming the small business deduction, the net tax rate is 9%.

Is Corporation tax 19% or 20%? ›

The normal rate of corporation tax is 19% for the financial year beginning 1 April 2022 and will increase to 25% for the financial year beginning 1 April 2023. In addition, from 1 April 2023, a 19% small profits rate of corporation tax will be introduced for companies whose profits do not exceed GBP 50,000.

What happens if you don't file corporate taxes Canada? ›

Failure to file penalties

The penalty is 5% of the unpaid tax that is due on the filing deadline, plus 1% of this unpaid tax for each complete month that the return is late, up to a maximum of 12 months.

Does CRA answer tax questions? ›

Employees of the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) are working hard to answer questions you may have about your tax affairs. We want to help you file your income tax and benefit return and ensure you receive the benefits and credits you're entitled to.

How do I avoid corporate tax in Canada? ›

How to Save Corporate Taxes in Canada?
  1. Pay yourself dividends instead of salary. ...
  2. Shareholder loan payments. ...
  3. Loan to spouse. ...
  4. Gifts to children. ...
  5. Minimize taxes by incorporating. ...
  6. Employee Home Purchase Loan. ...
  7. Dividends sprinkling. ...
  8. Pay salary to your spouse or family members.
Jul 31, 2021

What is the Canadian corporate tax rate for 2022? ›

2022 Combined Federal and Ontario Corporate Income Tax Rates
General Rate26.50%
Small Business (to $500,000)12.20%

Has the 25% corporation tax rate been enacted? ›

Corporation tax rate to increase to 25% from 1 April 2023 | ICAEW.

Are all corporations taxed at 21 %? ›

The current corporate tax rate (federal) is 21%, thanks to the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017. Prior to the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, there were taxable income brackets. The maximum tax rate was 35%.

How do you calculate corporation tax? ›

Step 5 – calculating Corporation Tax

Tax would be due at a rate of 19% on profits, so simply divide the liable profit by 100 then multiply the resulting sum by 19 to arrive at the amount due.

Do Every corporation has to file tax return Canada? ›

All corporations — including non-profit organizations, tax-exempt corporations, and inactive corporations — have to file a T2 return for every tax year, even if there is no tax payable.

How many years can you skip filing taxes in Canada? ›

According to the CRA, a taxpayer has 10 years from the end of a calendar year to file an income tax return. The longer you go without filing taxes, the higher the penalties and potential prison term. Whether you are late by one year, five years, or even ten years, it is crucial that you file immediately.

Can you go to jail for not filing taxes in Canada? ›

Consequences of committing a financial crime

When convicted of tax evasion: you must still pay the full amount of taxes owing, plus interest and any civil penalties assessed by the CRA. you may be fined up to 200% of the taxes evaded. you may be imposed a jail term of up to five years.

Will CRA fix tax mistakes? ›

Mistakes happen, even on tax returns! If you've filed your tax return timely, you can request the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) amend and reassess the return to include the income omitted or deductions missed. The request should be made in writing to the CRA.

Can you negotiate with CRA? ›

The CRA will work with you to resolve your tax obligation. You can negotiate a payment arrangement which will see you pay your back taxes over time. For example, if you owe $1,000, you may offer to pay CRA $100 per month for the next ten months. To do this you need to contact your nearest Revenue Canada office.

Can CRA make a mistake? ›

Taxes: An Imperfect Process

“I'd say rarely does the CRA make a mistake,” says Jamie Golombek, CIBC's managing director of tax and estate planning. “They do make mistakes but it's pretty rare that there's going to be a computational mathematical mistake.”

How can C Corps avoid double taxation? ›

Retain earnings: If the corporation doesn't distribute earnings as dividends to shareholders, earnings are only taxed once, at the corporate rate. Pay salaries instead of dividends: Shareholders who work for the corporation may be paid higher salaries instead of dividends.

Why do corporations pay less taxes in Canada? ›

Cochrane says the lower effective tax rate paid by corporations can be due to a range of reasons, from legal tax deductions to claiming profits in lower tax jurisdictions. Canadians for Tax Fairness describes itself as a non-profit, non-partisan organization that advocates for fair and progressive tax policies.

What happens if you can't afford Corporation Tax? ›

If you cannot pay your Corporation Tax, HMRC can take debt recovery action against your company.

What is the corporate tax rate in Canada 2023? ›

Corporate Tax Rate in Canada is expected to reach 26.50 percent by the end of 2023, according to Trading Economics global macro models and analysts expectations. In the long-term, the Canada Corporate Tax Rate is projected to trend around 26.50 percent in 2024, according to our econometric models.

What is the passive corporate tax rate in Canada? ›

Corporate taxation

Passive income earned in a CCPC is taxed around 50% across Canada, and business income earned by a CCPC is taxed as such: (a) the first $500,000 is subject to a small business tax rate, and (b) amounts over $500,000 are subject to a general tax rate (see chart 1 in Appendix).

What is the lowest corporate tax rate in Canada? ›

New Brunswick. In New Brunswick the lower rate of corporate income tax is 2.5%.

Is corporation tax going up 2023? ›

From April 2023 onwards, the main rate of Corporation Tax will rise from 19% to 25%. Although the current 19% rate will still apply if your profits are £50,000 or less, your company will pay more tax on profits above this level. Click here to use our April 2023 Corporation Tax rise calculator!

What are the changes to corporation tax in 2023? ›

After much to-ing and fro-ing, the government has confirmed that it will proceed with its plan to increase the main rate of corporation tax to 25% from 1 April 2023.

When did corporate taxes go to 35 %? ›

Federal tax rates

The top corporate tax rate in the U.S. fell from a high of 53% in 1942 to a maximum of 38% in 1993, which remained in effect until 2018, although corporations in the top bracket were taxed at a rate of 35% between 1993 and 2017.

Which US state has no corporate tax? ›

South Dakota and Wyoming are the only states that levy neither a corporate income nor gross receipts tax.

How do corporations avoid taxes? ›

The most common ways that corporations reduce their taxable incomes is through net operating losses, accelerated depreciation, tax credits, and profit shifting.

What is the current C Corp tax rate? ›

A C-corp simply applies the corporate tax rate of 21% to its taxable income.

How is C Corp tax basis calculated? ›

Calculating the total tax the C corporation needs to pay is a simple matter of multiplying the adjusted taxable income by 21%.

How is C Corp income calculated? ›

Calculating Taxable Income
  1. Step 1: Calculate Revenues/Income. ...
  2. Step 2: Calculate Non-Capital Business Expenses. ...
  3. Step 3: Calculate Capital Business Expenses. ...
  4. Step 4: Subtract Expenses from Revenue. ...
  5. Step 5: Subtract Applicable Deductions from Taxable Income. ...
  6. Step 6: Calculate Payable Tax. ...
  7. Step 7: Calculate Income Tax Liability.

What is corporation tax rate 2022? ›

Corporation Tax charge and main rate at: 19% for the financial year beginning 1 April 2022. 25% for the financial year beginning 1 April 2023.

Can I do my own corporate tax return Canada? ›

Most corporations can file their return electronically using the Internet. It is mandatory for certain corporations with annual gross revenues that exceed $1 million. For more information, go to Corporation Internet Filing. Non-resident corporations have to file a T2 return in certain situations.

Can I prepare my own corporate tax return Canada? ›

In short, YES, you can prepare your corporate tax return, and file it with the CRA. There is no requirement to have an accounting degree or experience to do it. So if you want to do it yourself for free, follow this article to get more details about preparing your T2 tax return and filing it with the CRA.

Do I need a CPA to file corporate taxes Canada? ›

Yes, you can file your own corporate taxes, nevertheless it is strongly recommended to use an accounting professional. Corporate tax filings can get complex and potential errors may increase the chances of future taxes that can arise from Government Audits or Reassessments.

What happens if I haven t filed taxes in 10 years in Canada? ›

Filing late might result in tax penalties and accruing interest from the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) that you'll need to pay eventually.

What happens if you don t file taxes for 5 years in Canada? ›

Failing to pay your taxes is not a crime, but failing to file your tax returns is because it's considered tax evasion. And the penalties for tax evasion are harsh. According to Section 238 of the Income Tax Act, failing to file your tax return can result in a fine of $1,000 – $25,000 and up to one year in prison.

What happens if you don't pay your taxes for 4 years in Canada? ›

Penalty for filing your tax return late

If you cannot pay your balance owing, you should still file on time to avoid being charged the late-filing penalty. The late-filing penalty is 5% of your 2022 balance owing, plus an additional 1% for each full month that you file after the due date, to a maximum of 12 months.

How does CRA catch tax evasion? ›

Various sources of information may lead the CRA's Criminal Investigations Program (CIP) to initiate a criminal investigation, such as: internal referrals within the CRA, including the various audit programs. tips from individuals through the CRA informant leads program. information from various law enforcement agencies.

Does CRA check bank accounts? ›

Yes, the CRA can check your bank account and statements. However, they cannot access your bank information at any point in time. They must have a reason to look and normally the information is provided by the taxpayer. Under the agency's review process, all individuals are subject to scrutiny.

Does Canada tax worldwide income? ›

Individuals resident in Canada are subject to Canadian income tax on worldwide income. Relief from double taxation is provided through Canada's international tax treaties, as well as via foreign tax credits and deductions for foreign taxes paid on income derived from non-Canadian sources.

How corporate taxes are calculated? ›

Computation of income tax due

Otherwise, the regular rate of 25% will apply. A minimum corporate income tax (MCIT) of 1% on gross income shall be imposed until June 30, 2023. The income tax due for the taxable year shall be that which is higher between the regular corporate income tax and minimum corporate income.

How do you calculate corporate tax? ›

Corporate Tax Calculation

Evaluate the corporation's taxable income using this formula: Taxable income = Adjusted Gross Income – All Applicable Deductions. Multiply the corporation tax percentage with the taxable income to determine the corporation tax liability: Corporate Tax=Taxable Income × Corporate Tax Rate.

How do you calculate corporate tax rate? ›

Calculating the Effective Tax Rate

For corporations, the effective tax rate can be found by dividing the tax expense by the earnings before tax of the company. The effective tax rate for individuals is found by dividing their tax expense by their taxable income.

How is company corporation tax calculated? ›

What is the corporation tax rate? Your company will pay corporation tax at 19 per cent on its profits – that is, the money it makes in that accounting period, minus any overheads and expenses.

Is corporate tax based on gross or net income? ›

Corporate income tax is based on net taxable income as defined under federal or state law. Generally, taxable income for a corporation is gross income (business and possibly non-business receipts less cost of goods sold) less allowable tax deductions.

How do I calculate my C Corp tax basis? ›

Basically, an initial basis in the stock of a C Corporation is either the cost of the stock purchased or, for qualifying Section 351 transactions, the adjusted basis of the assets transferred plus the gain recognized, and minus boot received and liabilities transferred.

What is the 15% corporate tax? ›

For companies that report over $1 billion in profits to shareholders, the Inflation Reduction Act of 2022 (the Act) includes a 15% corporate alternative minimum tax (CAMT) based on book income.

How do you avoid corporation tax? ›

11 ways to reduce corporation tax
  1. Pay yourself a tax-efficient remuneration. ...
  2. Claim all costs of sales. ...
  3. Claim costs of overheads. ...
  4. Claim work-from-home allowances. ...
  5. Invest in training and development. ...
  6. Set up an employee share scheme. ...
  7. Set up a company pension fund. ...
  8. Invest in research and development.
May 31, 2022

How much is corporate tax on 100k? ›

A C-corp simply applies the corporate tax rate of 21% to its taxable income. For example, if the company has taxable income of $100,000, the tax due would be $21,000 ($100,000 x 21%).

What are the 2022 corporate income tax rates? ›

It is proposed that the new corporate tax rate be 7.5% where that income would otherwise be taxed at the 15% general corporate tax rate, and 4.5% where that income would otherwise be taxed at the 9% small business tax rate.

Is corporation tax calculated after salaries? ›

Corporation Tax is payable annually and based on the profit that your company makes. Your profit is your company's income minus its expenditure (including salaries paid to employees but excluding dividends paid). The current Corporation Tax rate for small companies is 19%, and is payable on your profit each year.

Do you pay corporation tax on revenue or profit? ›

A company needs to pay corporation tax on: the profits it makes from doing business ('trading profits') its investments. selling assets for more than they cost ('chargeable gains')


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